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Short-Beaked Common Dolphin


Scientific Name:
Delphinus delphis
Length:
2.3-2.6 m (7.5 - 8.5 ft)
Weight:
Up to 135 kg (297 lb)
Status:
good to go
Prey:
fish, mostly "epipelagic" schooling fish and cephalopods (e.g., squid)

Physical characteristics

Yellow/ tan along the flank, with gray bodies and white undersides. They are larger, and have larger fins than the long-beaked common dolphin.

Behavioral characterization

Active at the surface: breaching, porpoising, somersaulting, and bowriding.

Distribution

Found off of California, North Carolina, Newfoundland, and the Scotian Shelf. Other distinct populations can be found off of northern Europe, the Black Sea, Newfoundland, the Mediterranean Sea, Africa, Japan, the southwestern Pacific, southern Australia, and New Zealand.

Population size

There are insufficient data for this species to determine the population trends.

Predators

Sharks and orcas, though data is limited

Migration/Dispersal patterns

No specific migration mattern

Social system/Group size

Found in large social groups averaging hundreds of individuals, but have occasionally been seen in mega-pods (up to 10,000 individuals)

Major threats

Bycatch: longlines, driftnets, gillnets trawls Hunting, for their meat and oil, in Russia, Japan, and by nations bordering the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea

Research efforts

N/A

Fun fact

N/A