Hawaiian Monk Seal
Silvery grey on the back, with a cream throat, chest and stomach. Males and some females turn black with age. Females longer and heavier than males.
Adults spend most of their time in the water, hauling out only to breed and give birth. Very solitary, found in groups only during breeding and later in mother/pup pairs.
Found only in the Hawaiian Islands
Social system/Group size
Primarily solitary. Found in mother/pup pairs while nursing, and in small groups during breeding season.
Hunted nearly to extinction by humans. Currently at risk for entanglement in fishing gear, disease spread by pets and livestock, and habitat disruption by coastal development.
Develop a successful program to rear young pups in captivity to reduce high infant mortality. Continue to raise awareness with all regional stakeholders.
The female Hawaiian monk seal doesn't give birth for the first time until she is between 5-10 years old.