Southern Elephant Seal
Range in color from dark gray to brown with lighter coloring on the chest. Characterized by elephant-like noses.
Live in open water for most of the year, diving to an average depth of 300-600 m for about 22 minutes at a time to feed.
Found around the subantarctic islands. Some found in New Zealand, Australia, and South Africa.
Humans, killer whales, leopard seals
Travel up to 2,000 km each way to their feeding grounds. Make this trip twice a year, once after breeding season and once after molting.
Social system/Group size
Found in large breeding colonies.
Hunted by humans for oil. Possibly affected by climate change.
The most extreme recorded dive by a Southern elephant seal was to a depth of 2,000 m for 2 hours.